It is not new that owners of intellectual property rights have been waging long and relentless battles against those who insist on violating their rights.
We know that the legal systems of the vast majority of countries today contain provisions, which, on the one hand, guarantee protection to trademarks, patents, industrial designs and intellectual works. It also contains, on the other hand, rules that ensure the adoption of civil and criminal measures that have as their objective to stop the act of infraction and to hold the agent responsible.
Until the early 1990s, the infringements occurred in a "physical" way, meaning the violator manufacturing and selling products that violated the intellectual or industrial property rights of others. The path was relatively easy: it was enough for the right holder to find the source and take the necessary legal measures.